Abu Umar At-Talamanki Al-Maliki (d. 429 H.)
    
السبت 8 / صفر / 1431 هـ - الموافق 23 / يناير / 2010 م
Abu Umar At-Talamanki Al-Maliki
(340 – 429 A.H.)



Name: Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Abdullah Al-Ma’aafiri Al-Andalusi Al-Talamanki.
His Kunyah: Abu Umar
Fiqh Madhhab: Maliki

His Birth: 340 Hijri (1)
At-Talamanki: It is an attribution to his homeland Talamankah and it is a city on the bay of Eastern Andalus (Spain today). It was built by Al-Ameer Muhammad bin Abdur-Rahman bin Al-Hakam. (2).
He was born there, but grew up in Qurtubah (Cordoba). (3)
He went to many countries and heard from many people and returned to Andalus with an abundance of knowledge.

His Teachers:

In Cordoba:
- Abu Ja’far Ahmad bin Awn Allah and he learned mostly from him (4)
- Abu Muhammad Abdullah Al-Baji
- Khalaf bin Muhammad Al-Khawlani
And others

In Makkah:
- Abu Al-Tahir Muhammad Al-‘Ujayfi
- Abu Hafs Umar bin Muhammad bin ‘Eraak
- Abu Al-Hassan bin Jahdam
And others

In Madinah:
- Abu Al-Hassan Yahya bin Al-Hussain Al-Matlabi

In Egypt:
- Abu Al-‘Alaa bin Mahan
- Abu Bakr ibn Isma’eel
- Abu Al-Qasim Al-Jawhari
And others

In Demiat (Egypt):
- Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Yahya bin Ammar; and he heard from him some of the books of Ibn Al-Mundhir

In Qairawan (Tunisia):
- Ibn Abi Zayd Al-Qairawani (known as Malik as-Saghir)
- Abu Ja’far bin Dahmoon
- And others (5)

He Learned Recitation (of Quran) From:
- Abu Al-Hasan ibn Bishr Al-Antaky
- Abu Al-Tayyib ibn Ghalbun
- Muhammad bin Al-Hussain bin Al-Nu’man (6)


His Students:
- Ibn Abdul Barr
- Ibn Hazm (7)
- Hatim bin Muhammad Al-Tarabulsi
- Muhammad bin Khalaf bin Al-Muraabit (8)
- Abu Muhammad Abdullah bin Sahl Al-Muqri’ (9)
And Others


His Life and What Critics Have Said About Him:

Hatim at-Tarabulsi said: «Abu Umar was one of those who were careful about the knowledge they obtained and ensured its precision. And he has good knowledge.»
Ibn Al-Hassar Al-Khawlani said: «He was from amongst the righteous, upon the path of guidance and the Sunnah. He was a seeker of knowledge since long ago, and was advanced in his understanding. He recited the Qur’an with good Tajweed and proper pronunciation of its words. His merits were many, more than you could count.»
Ibn Al-Hadhaa’ said: «He was virtuous and intensively reading the book of Allah. He was a sword against the people of innovation (ahlul bida’h). He lived in Cordoba, then in Al-Marriyah, then in Murcia then Saragustah (Zaragoza – all are cities in Spain). Then he went back to his home town of Talamankah…and that is where he died.» (10)

Abu `Amr Ad-Dani said: «He learned recitation from Abu Al-Hassan Al-Antaky, Abi Al-Tayyib ibn Ghalbun and Muhammad bin Al-Hussain bin Al-Nu’man. He heard from Al-Adfuwi, but he didn’t recite to him. He was virtuous, had good precision, and was tough in the Sunnah.» (11)
Al-Humaydi said: «He was an Imam in the Qira’at (recitation of the Quran), and he was trustworthy (thiqah) in narration, well-known.» (12)
Al-Qadi `Iyad said: «He diversified in the sciences of Sharee’ah. The Qur’an and hadeeth prevailed over the other (sciences of shari’ah). He authored many beneficial works, lenghty and brief.» (13)
Ibn Al-Jazari said about him: «He returned to Al-Andalus with a lot of knowledge, and he was the first to bring in the science of Qira`at to al-Andalus. He authored the book "Ar-Rawdah" (in Qira'at).» (21)

Ibn Bashkuwal said: «He departed to Andalus with a lot of knowledge, and he was one of the Imams in the science of the great Qur’an, its recitation, syntax, rulings, abrogated and abrogating verses, and its meanings. He compiled many very beneficial books upon the madhhab of Ahlus Sunnah, in it appeared his knowledge and his understanding. He had complete care and interest in (science of) Hadeeth, its transmission, narration, accuracy, and knowing its men (i.e. narrators) and its carriers. He was a preserver of the (books of) Sunnah, a compiler of them, an Imam in that field. He had knowledge in the fundamentals of religion, and showed karamat. He was a seeker of knowledge since long ago… He was upon guidance, the Sunnah, and uprightness. He was a sword against the people of desires and innovation, suppressing them.» (14)

Isa bin Muhammad Al-Hijaari said: «Abu Umar Al-Talamanky came out one day and we were reciting to him, so he said: "Increase in your recitation for I will not outlive this year". So we said to him: ‘Why is that? May Allah have mercy on you!’. So he said: "I saw yesterday in my dream a poem..", then he read the poem, which stated that his life ends with the previous Eid, and he won’t witness another Eid after it.”
He (Isa) said: “He passed away in that year.”»
(15)


His Authored Works:

- The Rawdah in Qira`at. (22)
- A book on Tafsir of the Qur’an, around 100 volumes.
- Al-Bayyan fi ‘Iraab Al-Qur’an
- Fadaa’il (Virtues of ) Malik
- Rijaal (The Narrators of) Al-Muwatta’ (16)
- Al-Wusool ila Ma’rifat Al-Usool fi Masaa’il Al-‘Uqood fil Sunnah (book on Aqeedah) (17)
- Al-Risaalah Al-Mukhtasirah fi Madhaahib Ahlus Sunnah (18)
- Ad-Dalil ila Ta`at al-Jalil; it is 60 volumes. (19)
- Fahrasah (20)


His Death: He died in Talamankah in 429 H., and he almost reached the age of 90.


Some of His Statements on Matters of Belief (Aqidah):

Abu Umar Al-Talamanky said in his book “Al-Wusool ila Ma’rifat Al-Usool”:
«The Muslims amongst Ahlus Sunnah have formed a consensus that Allah’s statement {and He is with you wherever you are} [57:4], and similar other verses from the Qur’an, refers to Allah’s Knowledge and that Allah is above the heavens by His Essence (bi-dhatihi), ascended (mustawen) upon the Throne however He Willed. And Ahlus Sunnah said in regards to Allah’s statement: {Ar-Rahman upon the Throne Istawa (Rose)} that this Istiwaa from Allah is literal and not metaphorical.» (23)




(1) “As-Silah” by Ibn Bashkuwal (1/85); “Tartib Al-Madaarik wa Taqreeb Al-Masaalik” by Al-Qadi Iyad (8/32)
(2) “Al-Rawd Al-Mu’taar fi Khabar Al-Aqtaar” by Al-Hemyari (pg. 393); “Tartib Al-Madaarik” (8/32)
(3) “Tartib Al-Madaarik wa Taqreeb Al-Masaalik” (8/32)
(4) “As-Sila” (1/83)
(5) “As-Sila” (1/83-84); “Tartib Al-Madaarik” (8/32); “Siyar A'lam Nubala” by Adh-Dhahabi (17/567)
(6) “Siyar A'lam Nubala” (17/567)
(7) “Jadhwat Al-Muqtabis fi Dhikr wulaat Al-Andalus” by Al-Humaydi (pg. 114)
(8) “Tartib Al-Madaarik” (8/32)
(9) “Siyar A'lam Nubala” (17/567)
(10) “Tartib Al-Madaarik” (8/33)
(11) “Tadhkirat Al-Huffaz” by Al-Dhahabi (3/198)
(12) “Jadhwat Al-Muqtabis” (pg. 114)
(13) “Tartib Al-Madarik” (8/33)
(14) “As-Sila” (1/ 84)
(15) “As-Sila” (1/ 84-85);
(16) “Tartib Al-Madaarik” (8/33)
(17) “Tartib Al-Madaarik” (8/ 33); “Fahrasah of Ibn Khayr Al-Ishbeeli” (pg. 225)
(18) “Fahrasa” by Ibn Khayr Al-Ishbeeli (pg. 225). He said: “The book Al-Wusool ila Ma’rifat Al-Usool fi Masaa’il Al-‘Uqood fil Sunnah” is authored by Abu Umar Ahmad At-Talamanky rahimahullah. And his book “Al-Risaalah Al-Mukhtasirah fi Madhaahib Ahlus Sunnah” … is also from his authoring. I was told about these two books by our Shaykh Abu Al-Hassan Shareeh bin Muhammad bin Shareeh –rahimhullah, on the authority of his uncle Abu Abdullah Ahmad al-Khawlani, who narrated it from Abu Umar at-Talamanki.”
(19) Fahrasat Ibn Khayr al-Ishbili (pg.256)
(20) Fahrasat Ibn Khayr al-Ishbili (pg. 384)
(21) "Ghayat An-Nihayah fi Tabaqat al-Qurra'" by Ibn Al-Jazari (1/110)
(22) "Ghayat An-Nihayah" by Ibn Al-Jazari (1/110); "Al-A`lam" by Az-Zarkali (1/213); and "Kashf Adh-Dhunun" by Haji Khalifah.
(23) “Al ‘Uluw li al‘Alee Al-Ghaffar” by Ad-Dhahabi (pg. 246)




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